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  • Post category:Ammunition / Rifle Ammunition
  • Post last modified:August 28, 2023
  • Post published:October 4, 2022

Best 5 45x39 Ammo

What is 5.45×39 Ammo?😏

This cartridge is a rimless bottlenecked intermediate cartridge designed in the Soviet Union in the early 1970s. It was introduced into service in 1974 by the Soviet Union for use with the new AK-74 assault rifle. This ammunition is noted for its effectiveness in automatic firearms due to its low recoil and is used by both military and civilian shooters globally.

Our Top Pick
FMJ – Red Army Standard – 5.45×39 – 60 Grain
If you're seeking a cost-effective and dependable solution for your AK-74, look no further than Red Army Standard ammunition. This 5.45x39 ammo hails from Russia and boasts polymer-coated steel cases, contributing to seamless cycling. The non-corrosive nature of these rounds ensures your firearm remains in excellent condition.
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If you click this link and make a purchase, we earn a commission at no additional cost to you.


It is an intermediate cartridge designed for use in the Soviet-designed AK-74 and its variants. This ammunition offers several key features:

  1. 💠 Lightweight: This cartridge is lighter than its predecessor, the 7.62×39mm. This allows soldiers to carry more rounds for the same weight.
  2. 💠 Improved Accuracy: Thanks to a smaller calibre and higher velocity, it provides better accuracy and a longer effective range.
  3. 💠 Tumbling Effect: Upon impact, the bullet tends to tumble in soft tissue, causing severe wounds even with non-expanding bullets.
  4. 💠 Low Recoil: The lighter bullet results in a significantly lower recoil, facilitating better control and rapid follow-up shots.
  5. 💠 Affordability: Despite its advantages, it is generally more affordable than comparable cartridges, making it a popular choice for many firearm enthusiasts.

We believe this video can be helpful for you📺


This cartridge is a lightweight, high-velocity intermediate cartridge developed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s. It was designed to replace the 7.62×39mm cartridge as the standard rifle cartridge of the Soviet military.

It has several benefits over the 7.62×39mm cartridge, including:

  • Lighter weight: It is significantly lighter than the 7.62×39mm cartridge, which allows soldiers to carry more ammunition.
  • Higher muzzle velocity: This cartridge has a higher muzzle velocity than the 7.62×39mm cartridge, which gives it better penetration and accuracy.
  • Less recoil: This cartridge has less recoil than the 7.62×39mm cartridge, which makes it easier to control during automatic fire.
  • Flatter trajectory: It has a flatter trajectory than the 7.62×39mm cartridge, which makes it easier to hit targets at longer ranges.

Watch this video to find more information💻

Safety Considerations🔰

Dos Don’t’s
✅ Storage: Keep your ammo in a cool, dry place to prevent corrosion or damage. ❌ Overloading: Never overload your firearm beyond its capacity. It can cause severe damage to your firearm and pose significant safety risks.
✅ Handling: Always handle ammunition with clean, dry hands to avoid any contamination. ❌ Old Ammo: Avoid using old or rusted ammo as it can be dangerous and unreliable.
✅ Transportation: When transporting ammo, ensure it is securely packaged to prevent accidental discharge. ❌ Disposal: Never dispose of unwanted ammo in regular trash. Instead, contact a local law enforcement agency or recycling facility for proper disposal.

Best 5.45×39 Ammo Reviews

1# FMJ – Red Army Standard – 5.45×39 – 60 Grain – 20 Rounds

FMJ - Red Army Standard - 5.45x39 - 60 Grain - 20 Rounds

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Looking for a reliable and affordable option for your AK-74? Red Army Standard ammunition is a perfect choice! This 5.45×39 ammo is made in Russia and features polymer-coated steel cases for smoother cycling. The rounds are also non-corrosive, so you don’t have to worry about them damaging your gun. Additionally, the bimetal jacket on the bullets ensures zero deformation for improved accuracy. Order your Red Army Standard ammo today and get 20 rounds delivered straight to your door!

  • Polymer-coated steel cases for smoother cycling
  • 100 per cent non-corrosive
  • Berdan primers
  • Steel bullets
  • Steel bullets can damage indoor ranges


2# Spitzer Hornady Black – 5.45×39 – 60 Grain – 20 Rounds

Spitzer Hornady Black - 5.45x39 - 60 Grain - 20 Rounds

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Hornady BLACK 5.45x39mm ammunition is versatile and dependable. Loaded with legendary Hornady bullets, this ammo is designed to perform flawlessly in a variety of firearms. With 20 rounds per box, it’s perfect for target practice, plinking, or anything else you might need it for.

  • Accurate
  • Consistent
  • Dependable
  • Affordable
  • May not perform well in all firearms

Typical Applications🛡️

This ammunition, originally designed by the Soviet Union for military purposes, has gained popularity in various applications due to its versatility, affordability, and availability.

📌 Military and Law Enforcement

This round is used in several types of firearms used by military and law enforcement agencies worldwide. Notably, it is the standard ammunition for the AK-74, an assault rifle widely used in many countries. The cartridge’s relatively light recoil, high velocity, and flat trajectory make it a preferred choice for these sectors.

📌 Recreational Shooting

It is also popular among recreational shooters. Its relatively low cost and abundant supply make it an excellent choice for plinking (informal target shooting), allowing users to enjoy extended shooting sessions without breaking the bank.

📌 Hunting

While not traditionally considered a hunting round, it is gaining traction in varmint and small-game hunting. Its accuracy at medium ranges, combined with its adequate terminal ballistics, makes it suitable for hunting small-to-medium-size game within certain distances.

📌 Competitive Shooting

In competitive shooting, the round’s relatively flat trajectory and light recoil can provide an advantage, allowing for quick follow-up shots and maintaining precision over extended engagements.

This ammunition, with its unique combination of affordability, availability, and performance characteristics, has found a place in a wide range of applications, from military and law enforcement to recreational shooting, hunting, and competitive shooting events.


Can 5.45x39 ammunition be reloaded?

Yes, it can be reloaded, but it’s important to note that it requires a proper understanding of the process, the right equipment, and adherence to safety measures. The reloading process involves resizing and cleaning the used casing, removing the old primer, inserting a new one, filling the casing with the correct amount of gunpowder, and seating a new bullet. While this can be cost-effective, especially for frequent shooters, safety should be the utmost priority. Inappropriate or careless reloading can lead to firearm damage or personal injury, so it’s always recommended to learn from experienced reloaders or take a certified course before starting.

Equipment Needed

  1. ✔️ Reloading Press: This tool is the hub of your reloading operation. It resizes the casing, removes and installs primers, and seats the bullet.
  2. ✔️ Dies: These are used to resize the case, remove the spent primer, and seat the new bullet. Ensure you have the right size dies.
  3. ✔️ Scale: This is used to measure gunpowder accurately. Always double-check your measurements.
  4. ✔️ Powder Funnel: This tool ensures that the gunpowder is safely and accurately poured into the case.
  5. ✔️ Callipers: These are used to measure the overall length of your finished cartridges to ensure they fit properly in your firearm.

Reloading Steps

  1. 🟡 Inspect your brass: Check for any visible defects like cracks or dents. Discard any damaged cases.
  2. 🟡 Resize and dispose of the brass: Using your reloading press and the appropriate die, resize the case back to its original dimensions and remove the spent primer.
  3. 🟡 Clean the brass: Clean the cases to remove any remaining residue. This can be done with a tumbler or an ultrasonic cleaner.
  4. 🟡 Prime the brass: Install a new primer with your reloading press.
  5. 🟡 Measure and pour the gunpowder: Use your scale to measure the correct amount of gunpowder, then pour it into the case using a powder funnel.
  6. 🟡 Seat the bullet: Place the bullet on top of the case and use your reloading press to seat it to the correct depth.
  7. 🟡 Inspect the final product: Look over each completed round to ensure it is correctly assembled.

Remember, safety is paramount when reloading ammunition. Always keep your work area clean, and free of distractions, and don’t rush the process. It’s also recommended to keep a written log of your measurements and procedures for each batch of ammo you reload. Make sure to consult a reliable reloading manual or experienced reloader for precise measurements and safe practices.

What is the difference between 5.56x45 vs 5.45x39 ammo?

The difference between these ammunition is primarily seen in their origins, dimensions, performance, and typical usage.

🔘 Origins and Dimensions: The 5.56×45 round, often referred to as the 5.56 NATO, is a rifle cartridge developed in the United States and adopted as a NATO standard. It uses a .224-inch diameter bullet and the overall length of the cartridge is 45mm. On the other hand, the 5.45×39 round was developed in the Soviet Union for use in the AK-74 assault rifle. It uses a .221-inch diameter bullet and the overall length of the cartridge is 39mm.

🔘 Performance:  In terms of performance, the 5.56 NATO typically has a higher muzzle velocity and thus a flatter trajectory compared to the 5.45×39. This makes it an excellent choice for longer-range engagements. The 5.45×39, however, is known for its lower recoil, which can contribute to better control and faster follow-up shots. This round is also noted for its tumbling effect on impact, which can cause more significant tissue damage despite its smaller size.

🔘 Usage: In terms of usage, both rounds are widely used in military and civilian applications. The 5.56 NATO is popular in the Western world, used in rifles like the M16 and the AR-15. The 5.45×39 is more prevalent in countries that adopted AK-series rifles.

The choice between the two rounds largely depends on the specific requirements of the shooter, including the type of firearm used, the intended application, and personal preference for performance characteristics.

We believe this video can be helpful for you📺


How Effective Is 5.45x39?

The effectiveness of the ammunition is largely subjective and depends on the specific use case. However, overall, this ammunition is known for certain characteristics that contribute to its effectiveness in various shooting scenarios.

🟢 For close to medium-range combat situations, its lighter recoil makes it an excellent choice. The lighter recoil allows for rapid follow-up shots while maintaining control, thus increasing the overall hit probability. Moreover, this round is famous for its unique ‘tumbling’ effect upon impact which can cause extensive damage, enhancing its effectiveness in a combat scenario.

🟢 In terms of hunting and varmint control, it is a viable option for small to medium game due to its sufficient velocity and energy.

🟢 From a cost perspective, it is typically more affordable than many comparable rounds, meaning shooters can practice more frequently and improve their skills without a hefty price tag.

However, this ammo may not be the preferred round for long-range shooting due to its relatively lower muzzle velocity compared to other popular rounds like the 5.56 NATO. This can affect the round’s flat trajectory and accuracy at longer distances.

Please watch this video to learn more information📺


How to store ammo correctly?

Storing ammunition correctly is crucial for maintaining its performance and integrity over time. Here are some essential guidelines for proper storage:

  1. 🚩 Keep in a Cool, Dry Place: Ammo should be stored in a location with consistent, low humidity and a cool temperature. Fluctuating temperatures and high humidity can lead to corrosion and primer degradation.
  2. 🚩 Use Proper Storage Containers: Ammunition should be stored in airtight, waterproof containers. Many shooters prefer military-style ammo cans with a rubber gasket seal.
  3. 🚩 Avoid Direct Sunlight: Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can lead to increased temperatures, potentially causing deterioration.
  4. 🚩 Don’t Store Ammo on the Floor: Keeping ammo off the floor prevents it from absorbing cold or moisture that could cause damage.
  5. 🚩 Keep Ammo Organized: Ammo should be kept sorted by calibre and date of purchase. This can help shooters to use older rounds first and keep track of their ammunition.
  6. 🚩 Store in a Secure Location: To prevent unauthorized access, ammunition should be stored in a locked cabinet or safe.

Following these guidelines will help ensure that your ammo remains reliable and effective when you need it most. Always check local and state laws regarding ammunition storage as they can vary widely.

What is the 5.45 x39 equivalent?

While no exact equivalent exists for this round due to its unique origins and design, there are several ammunition types that can be considered similar in terms of size, performance, and usage.

The 5.56×45 NATO, as previously mentioned, is one of the options. Both rounds were developed for military use and have seen widespread adoption in both military and civilian contexts. They share similar bullet diameters and case lengths, although they differ in terms of terminal ballistics and recoil.

The .223 Remington is another round that is often compared to this ammo. Developed as a civilian round, the .223 shares a similar bullet diameter and offers comparable performance characteristics.

On a broader scale, the 7.62×39 round, while larger and heavier, can also be seen as an equivalent in terms of its use in similar firearms and its role as a standard-issue military round in many countries.

However, it’s important to note that while these rounds may have similarities, they are not completely interchangeable, and each has its own strengths and weaknesses depending on the specific application. Always check your firearm’s specifications and consult with knowledgeable sources before using any particular type of ammunition.



5.45×39 Ammo is a great choice for shooters looking for an affordable round that delivers good performance. In this buyer’s guide, we’ve highlighted some of the best ammo on the market to help you make the best decision for your needs. We’ve also included useful tips to help you select the right ammunition for your firearm and shooting style. Remember, safety should always be the paramount concern when dealing with any type of firearm or ammunition.


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2 months ago

Hi! Why the ammo is corrosive?

    2 months ago
    Reply to  Neter

    🔰 Corrosive ammunition is a term used to describe ammunition that contains primers with corrosive compounds. These compounds, primarily potassium chlorate, were historically used in primers to ignite the gunpowder and propel the bullet. While corrosive primers are rarely used in modern ammunition, they were more common in the past.

    When firing corrosive ammunition, the residue left behind by the ignition process can attract moisture from the air. This moisture, in combination with the corrosive compounds, can lead to accelerated rust and corrosion inside the firearm’s barrel and other parts if not properly cleaned shortly after shooting.

    💡 To prevent damage caused by corrosive ammunition, firearm owners need to thoroughly clean their firearms soon after shooting. This typically involves using water or a specialized cleaning solution to neutralize the corrosive compounds and remove any residue. After cleaning, applying a protective coating like oil to prevent rust is recommended.

      2 months ago
      Reply to  Neter

      Corrosive ammo is just salt

        2 months ago

        Greetings! Why is the 5.45 x39 called the poison bullet?

          2 months ago
          Reply to  Mr.Dender

          🗞️ The term “poison bullet” has been used colloquially to refer to the 5.45x39mm cartridge, particularly in the context of its adoption by the Soviet Union in the 1970s. However, it’s important to note that this term is not accurate from a technical standpoint and is often more of a sensationalized descriptor rather than a factual representation of the cartridge’s characteristics.

          The reason behind this nickname can be traced back to the Cold War era and certain misconceptions or myths that emerged during that time. Some sources suggest that the name might have originated due to the perception that the 5.45x39mm bullet was designed to cause slow and agonizing injuries by tumbling upon impact. This concept led to the idea that the wounded enemy would suffer more before succumbing to their injuries.

            2 months ago

            I recall a time when it was the most affordable ammunition available for a prolonged period. However, presently, it appears that the price per round of steel cases, inclusive of shipping, is 55 cents or higher. Presumably, alterations in import regulations are responsible for this price surge. It seems my 5.56 ammunition will now drain my wallet.

              2 months ago
              Reply to  Aiden

              🟡 The cost of 5.45x39mm ammunition can vary depending on factors such as brand, quality, availability, and regional market conditions.
              Earlier it was generally more affordable compared to some other rifle calibers like 5.56x45mm NATO or 7.62x39mm. However, prices fluctuate over time due to supply and demand dynamics, geopolitical factors, and other influences.

              It’s advisable to check with local firearm and ammunition retailers or online sources to get the most up-to-date pricing information. Additionally, keep in mind that the availability and cost of ammunition can be influenced by various factors, including international events, production capacity, and changes in regulations.

                2 months ago
                Reply to  Aiden

                Apart from private sales sourced from individuals’ personal collections, the availability of such ammunition is virtually non-existent.

                  2 months ago

                  I’m contemplating acquiring an additional firearm for general purposes. I would appreciate any insights on this particular calibre and weapon platforms. This information will assist me in making a choice between purchasing another AR or opting for this alternative.

                    2 months ago
                    Reply to  Bill

                    In my opinion, both the 5.45mm and 5.56 or .223 calibres perform similarly. While the 5.45mm ammo may be cheaper in bulk, the price difference with American cartridges is negligible, so special orders are unnecessary. Importantly, the American caliber allows for easy reloading, unlike the Russian round. The AR platform offers superior customization options compared to the AK, making accessorizing easier. Remember, these are subjective opinions.

                      2 months ago
                      Reply to  Bill

                      In my view, the 5.45 round holds significant advantages and I’ve been endorsing it for some time. If you’re interested in utilizing it, I would suggest opting for the AK-74. While AR models like S&W and Spikes function decently, their magazines can be expensive and hard to find, especially after Cproducts was forced out of the market by a litigious dispute.
                      By using Wolf primers, bulk bullets, and reclaimed brass, I’m able to reload 5.56 rounds at a cost of approximately 17.5 cents each. This is a decent price, but it doesn’t compare to the affordability of the 5.45 rounds at present. However, keep in mind that this price advantage won’t last indefinitely, and the 5.45 is an uncommon cartridge. If you’re planning to use it, I’d advise building up a sizable supply soon.